NJ & NY Love Your Liver​                 珍愛肝臟

Am I At Risk?  我有危險嗎?

Hepatitis B is very common worldwide. Most people with Hepatitis B were infected with the virus at birth or during early childhood and developed a lifelong chronic infection. Many of those infected are unaware that they have Hepatitis B, especially since they may not have symptoms. As a result, they can unknowingly spread the disease to others, including people they live with, sexual partners, and - for women - their newborns.

Who should be tested for hepatitis B?

  • People born in Asia, Africa, and other regions with moderate to high rates of hepatitis B (see map above)
  • Unvaccinated people whose parents are from regions with high rates of hepatitis B
  • Anyone having sex with a person infected with hepatitis B
  • People who live with someone with hepatitis B
  • Men who have sexual encounters with other men
  • People who inject drugs
  • All pregnant women
  • People with HIV infection
  • People on hemodialysis
  • People who receive chemotherapy or other types of immunosuppressive therapy

Information on this page is from the Centers for Disease Control and

Prevention (CDC) - retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Populations/index.htm

乙型肝炎在全世界非常普遍。大多數人感染乙型肝炎病毒是在出生時或幼儿期,並導致終身的慢性感染。許多感染者不知道他們有乙型肝炎,尤其是沒有症狀者。因此就可能在不知不覺中將疾病傳播給他人,包括與他們一起生活的人,性伴侶,以及 –對女性來說 - 他們的新生兒。


  • 出生在乙肝患病率中到高的亞洲,非洲和其他地區(見上圖)
  • 未接種乙肝疫苗而且父母是來自乙肝患病率高的地區
  • 任何與乙肝感染者發生過性關係的人
  • 任何與乙肝感染者一起生活過的人
  • 男同性戀者
  • 靜脈注射毒品者
  • 所有孕婦
  • 艾滋病人
  • 血液透析患者
  • 接受腫瘤化療或免疫抑製劑治療的患者

以上信息來自疾病控制和預防中心(CDC) - http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/Populations/index.htm